Invisible Romans: Prostitutes, outlaws, slaves, gladiators, ordinary men and women ... the Romans that history forgot

Invisible Romans: Prostitutes, outlaws, slaves, gladiators, ordinary men and women ... the Romans that history forgot

Robert Knapp seeks out the ordinary people who formed the fabric of everyday life in ancient Rome and the outlaws and pirates who lay beyond it. They are the housewives, prostitutes, freedmen, slaves, soldiers, and gladiators who lived commonplace lives and left almost no trace in history - until now. But their words are preserved in literature, letters, inscriptions and graffiti and their traces can be found in the histories, treatises, plays and poetry created by the elite. A world lost from view for two millennia is recreated through these, and other, tell-tale bits of evidence cast off by the visible mass of Roman history and culture. 

Invisible Romans reveals how everyday Romans sought to survive and thrive under the afflictions of disease, war, and violence, and to control their fates under powers that both oppressed and ignored them. Their lives - both familiar and foreign to ours today - are shown against the tumult of a great empire that shaped their worlds as it forged the wider world around them.

Introduction: Seeing the Invisible

Chapter 1. In the Middle: Ordinary Men

Chapter 2. Lives of Their Own: Ordinary Women

Chapter 3. Subjection and Survival: The Poor

Chapter 4. Coping in Bondage: Slaves

Chapter 5. After Slavery: Freedmen

Chapter 6. A Living at Arms: Soldiers

Chapter 7. Sex for Sale: Prostitutes

Chapter 8. Fame and Death: Gladiators

Chapter 9. Beyond the Law: Bandits and Pirates

Valedictory

SOURCES

FURTHER READING

A WHO’S WHO AND WHAT’S WHAT OF LITERARY EVIDENCE

ABBREVIATIONS

Illustrations



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